Digital TV Radio scanning and measurement

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DAB Explanation (Digital Audio Broadcasting)

Frequencies :

DAB/DAB+ can use VHF frequencies in VHF band around 200Mhz. There is also some frequencies available around 1450Mhz.
As DVBT multiplex, each frequency can support many Radios at the same time.
It uses synchronous technology, which allows to use same frequency for transmitter sending same multiplex in the same area. These frequencies are named "Blocks" and are named like "2A". Here is the list of blocks:

5A174.928 MHz5B176.640 MHz5C178.352 MHz5D180.064 MHz
6A181.936 MHz6B183.648 MHz6C185.360 MHz6D187.072 MHz
7A188.928 MHz7B190.640 MHz7C192.352 MHz7D194.064 MHz
8A195.936 MHz8B197.648 MHz8C199.360 MHz8D201.072 MHz
9A202.928 MHz9B204.640 MHz9C206.352 MHz9D208.064 MHz
10A209.936 MHz10B211.648 MHz10C213.360 MHz10D215.072 MHz
11A216.928 MHz11B218.640 MHz11C220.352 MHz11D222.064 MHz
12A223.936 MHz12B225.648 MHz12C227.360 MHz12D229.072 MHz
13A230.784 MHz13B232.496 MHz13C234.208 MHz13D235.776 MHz
13E237.488 MHz13F239.200 MHz

Frequencies extension for DAB on Cable :

14C241.360 MHz 14D243.072 MHz 15A244.928 MHz 15B246.640 MHz
15C248.352 MHz 15D250.064 MHz 16A251.936 MHz 16B253.648 MHz
16C255.360 MHz 16D255.360 MHz 17A257.072 MHz 17B258.928 MHz
17C262.352 MHz 17D264.064 MHz 18A265.936 MHz 18B267.648 MHz
18C269.360 MHz 18D271.072 MHz 19A272.928 MHz 19B274.640 MHz
19C276.352 MHz 19D278.064 MHz 20A279.936 MHz 20B281.648 MHz
20C283.360 MHz 20D285.072 MHz 21A286.928 MHz 21B288.640 MHz
21C290.352 MHz 21D292.064 MHz 22A293.936 MHz 22B295.648
22C297.360 MHz 22D299.072 MHz

DAB block

One DAB block can handle many Radios, each radio is independent. The total capacity of a DAB block is 864 "capacity units".
The provider of the block need to ensure that the summ of each radio capacity is not higher than 864 CU.
Each Radio choose its audio bitrate. The radio can add some datas (for ex traffic datas) on a new PID channel.
The DAB can also add datas on special reserved and normalized part, as for ex "radiotext (DLS)" with the current title and the "slideshow" who can transmit pictures.

The radio need also to choose it's transmit level protection. This protection is adding some datas on transmit part, to allow reception error cancelation in receiver.
The more highest is the protection, better will be the reception. Each radio in a DAB block can have different protection level.

The number of "Capacity units" of one radio is related to the audio bitrate, data bitrate, datas radiotext and slideshow and also by the protection level.
The DAB tables of Digitalbitrate have all these informations, and a multiplex graph is displaying the room used by each radio in term of capacity units.

AUDIO Encoding

The DAB is using MPEG1 layer 2 for audio encoding.
The DAB+ is using AAC to decrease bitrate needed and to increase sound quality.
The AAC has some audio encoding optimization features:
SBR: spectral band replication
PS: Parametric stereo
The Digitalbirate table is showing id SBR and/or PS are enabled.